Most equine joint surgeries are performed using a minimal invasive technique. Two small incisions of 4 mm are made. One to insert a camera into the joint and the other to bring in instruments. This arthroscopic approach has resulted in smaller scars and faster healing and much better short and long term outcomes. Horses return to work much quicker.
This arthroscopic technique is commonly used to flush infected joints, to remove OCD fragments and chip fractures, etc.
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a developmental problem that affects horses of all breeds. Hocks, fetlocks and stifles are most affected but OCD fragments can also be found in other joints (coffin or pastern joint).